E-Tc (Toledo) 35.4

Description: 

The main section of this codex, ff. 2r-171v, is a liber misticus (type of book with chants, readings and prayers for the cathedral ordo, i.e. vespers, matutinum and mass) with Eastertide and 20 Quotidian Sunday offices. Several subscriptions were added to the last folio of this first section (ff. 171r-v). Its front flyleaf (f. 1r-v) is a fragment with part of the Gospel of Saint John. Ff. 172r-v with prayers for the office of Saint Martin of Tours might have originally belonged to another liturgical book or have been copied in the spare folios of the misticus. Ff. 173r-175v, have the mass readings of the office of the beginning of Advent ("incoante adventum") written by a hand very similar to that writing the misticus (the pricking and ruling of these folios is also similar to those in the misticus); Pinell (1965) calls this section a manuale (i.e. type of book with readings for the mass). The two back flyleaves (ff. 176r-177v) are a fragment from an earlier liber commicus (type of books with readings for the cathedral office), which has material for two quotidian Sundays (176r-v) and for the votive offices of One Sick Person (f. 177r), One Dead Person (f. 177r) and for the Dead (Plural) (f. 177v).

Date: the colophon, in f. 171r, was deleted by scratching it out and adding a chemical to it. The palaeographically-based dates proposed by Mundó (1965) for this manuscript (ca. 1192-1208 for all sections except the back flyleaves, dated by him as 11th century) have been adopted by most authors (see "Bibliography" below); additionally, Mundó identifies the bishop “Martinus” (f. 171r), as Martín Pisuerga, bishop of Toledo (though there is not enough evidence to confirm this identification; see Rojo Carrillo, 2017). Other dates proposed for the misticus are: ninth to tenth century (García Villada, 1923; Clark, 1920; Rojo and Prado, 1929); ninth to tenth century and the dates proposed by Mundó (Randel, 1973; Gómez Muntané, 2001); tenth century (Férotin, 1912; Brockett, 1968); eleventh century (Riaño, 1997). Janini and Gonzálvez (1977) specify mid-eleventh century for the back flyleaves.

Origin: because it has inscriptions in 171v and f. 172v mentioning the Parish of Saint Eulalia of Toledo most authors propose this parish as its provenance. Nonetheless, these inscriptions were added by hands that are later than those writing the main section of the manuscript (misticus) and their content is not liturgical (see Rojo Carrillo, 2017).

Scribe: only the first letter of the scribe of the misticus remains in the damaged colophon: "D". Mundó (1965) proposed that his name might be "D[ominicus], nombre muy corriente entre los mozárabes toledanos de los siglos XII y XIII".

Liturgical tradition: A.

Randel responsorial tone tradition: Toledo A.

Shelf-mark: 
35.4
Source type: 
Provenance: 
Ascribed to the Mozarabic Parish of Santa Eulalia, Toledo, but there is not enough evidence to prove this (see "Description" above).
Script: 
Cursus: 
cathedral
Category: 
Manuscript / Print: 
Material: 
Page layout (mm): 
240x270
Notes: 
(bibliography of this entry is to be completed)
Date: 
ca. 1192-1208 for all sections except the back flyleaves, dated 11th century (Mundó, 1965). See more in "Description" above.
Indexed by: 

Raquel Rojo Carrillo

Bibliography: 

Brockett (1968)
Clark (1920)
Fernández de la Cuesta (1980)
FÉROTIN, D. Marius, Le Liber Mozarabicus Sacramentorum et les manuscrits mozarabes (F. Cabrol, H. Leclercq, & M. Férotin (eds.), Monumenta Ecclesiae Liturgica, Vol. 6. Paris: Librairie de Firmin-Didot et Cie., 1912), pp. 691-722.
García Villada (1923)
Gómez Muntané (2001)
Janini and Gonzálvez (1977)
Millares (1999, 1961 and 1935)
Mundó (1965)
Pinell (1978 and 1965)
Randel (1973 and 1969)
Riaño (1887)
Rojo and Prado (1929)
Rojo Carrillo (2017)

Submitted by Raquel Rojo Carrillo
Post date: 05 Apr 2017 | Last update: 11 Aug 2017

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