F-Pn (París) NAL 239


This codex has two parts. The first part (ff. 1r-67v) contains works by different fathers of the church about virginity or female monasticism, e.g. Leander of Seville's De institutione virginum (ff.1r-26r), Jerome's epistles to Eustochium (ff. 26r-30v) and 'quanda virgine' (ff. 38r-42v), and Ambrose's epistle 'ad germanam suam directa' (ff. 30v-38r). The second part of this codex (ff. 68r-83v) contains the liturgy for the office of Saint Pelayo of Córdoba (26 June), with a first section written in the manner of a liber misticus (type of book containing chants, readings and prayers for the cathedral ordo, i.e. vespers, matutinum, mass - note that monks and nuns observed the cathedral ordo + the monastic ordo) but without notation and followed by the passion of this saint. The contents of the first part of this codex suggest that it was copied for a female monastic institution.

Date: tenth or eleventh century (Clark, 1920; García Villada, 1923; Blbiothèque nationale de France, 2012); eleventh century (Randel, 1973; Ismael Fernández de la Cuesta, 1980; Millares Carlo, 1999; Gómez Muntané, 2001). Pinell (1965), dates the misticus as eleventh century and the passionarium as tenth or eleventh century. Díaz y Díaz (1983) believed that the misticus was copied in the tenth century.

Origin: it was preserved for long in the Abbey of Santo Domingo de Silos. However, as noted by Férotin (1912), it very likely belonged to a female monastic institution, probably with Saint Pelayo as their patron Saint. According to Díaz y Díaz (1983), the second part of this manuscript was written in a Mozarabic community.

Liturgical tradition: A.

Randel responsorial tone tradition: unknown.

NAL 239
Source type: 
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Manuscript / Print: 
Page layout (mm): 
(bibliography of this entry is to be completed)
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Raquel Rojo Carrillo


Castro Correa, A, 'Codex of the month (VI): Paris, BN, nal 239', Littera Visigothica (March 2015),
Clark, C. U., Collectanea Hispanica (Paris: 1920), p. 53, n. 660.
Díaz y Díaz, M. C, Códices visigóticos de la monarquía leonesa (León: Centro de Estudios e Investigación San Isidoro – CSIC, 1983), pp. 448-51, nn. 183 and 184.
Fernández de la Cuesta (1980)
FÉROTIN, D. Marius, Le Liber Mozarabicus Sacramentorum et les manuscrits mozarabes (F. Cabrol, H. Leclercq, & M. Férotin (eds.), Monumenta Ecclesiae Liturgica, Vol. 6. Paris: Librairie de Firmin-Didot et Cie., 1912), pp. 888-90.
García Villada (1923)
Gómez Muntané (2001)
Millares Carlo (1999)
Pinell (1965)
Randel (1983)

Submitted by Raquel Rojo Carrillo
Post date: 07 Apr 2017 | Last update: 12 Dec 2023