F-Pn (París) NAL 2199


Collection of diverse fragments, most of which were found in bindings ("Fragments de plusieurs manuscrits, trouvés la plupart dans des reliures", is the BnF's description of them). Three fragments in this collection are the object of this entry (ff. 14r-16v) because they belonged to an Old Hispanic antiphonary (i.e. type of book containing chants readings and prayers for the cathedral ordo, i.e. vespers, matutinum and mass), pace BnF who calls these folios "fragments de graduel wisigothique" (see http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b105243380/f44.image.r=NAL%202199). Ff. 14r-v it have part of the liturgy for the consecration of a church. Ff. 15r-v have material for quotidian offices, displayed in lists of chant genres (in a similar way as in E-L Ms. 8, f. 281v onwards). Ff. 16r-v is a tiny fragment, but it is possible to see part of the miniature (a hand holding a bishop crosier) and identify its chants; these chants are used for the Ordination for a Bishop office in other manuscripts (e.g. E-L Ms. 8).

Date: most authors date these fragments of antiphonary as ninth to tenth century, following Férotin (1912), despite the facts that he did not specify why he proposed this early date. Note that other of his early dates have been refuted by Mundó (1965), e.g. Férotin's ninth to tenth century date for T7, which Mundó re-dated as much later, namely, ca. 1100 or later. Some authors specify late ninth or early tenth century for these fragments (Brou, 1955; Millares Carlo, 1961 and 1999; Pinell, 1965). Other authors date it as early-tenth century (Brockett, 1968; Díaz y Díaz, 1983). The earliest published record of these fragments, by Robert (1882), dated them as eleventh century; BnF follows this date. If these fragments belonged to the same antiphonary to which E-SI fragmento musical número 26 and the fragments stitched to E-SI MS 1 belonged, it would date from before 945, which is the date of production of MS 1 (as stated in its rubric on its f. 179r).

Provenance: it is very similar to E-SI fragmento musical número 26, and fragments stitched into MS 1 of this abbey. However, no evidence exists for the provenance of the antiphonary (or antiphonaries) to which these fragments originally belonged.

Liturgical tradition: A.

Randel responsorial tone tradition: unknown because this fragment lacks responsories.

NAL 2199
Source type: 
Preserved for long at Santo Domingo de Silos, as a flyleaves, but there is no indication of the place where it was copied (see "Description" above)
Manuscript / Print: 
Page layout (mm): 
Various sizes, all smaller than 326x223
(bibliography of this entry is to be completed)
See "Description" above.
Indexed by: 

Raquel Rojo Carrillo


BROCKETT, Clyde W., Antiphons, Responsories, and Other Chants of the Mozarabic Rite (Musicological Studies, 15. Brooklyn, New York: Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1968).
BROU, L., "Notes de Paléographie musicale mozarabe", Anuario Musical, 10 (1955), 23-44.
CLARK, Charles Upson, Collectanea Hispanica (Paris: Libraire Ancienne Honoré Champion Édouard Champion, September 1920).
FERNÁNDEZ DE LA CUESTA, Ismael, Manuscritos y fuentes musicales en España: Edad Media (Opera Omnia: Colección dirigida por Rodrigo de Zayas. Madrid: Editorial Alpuerto, 1980).FÉROTIN, D. Marius, Le Liber Mozarabicus Sacramentorum et les manuscrits mozarabes (F. Cabrol, H. Leclercq, & M. Férotin (eds.), Monumenta Ecclesiae Liturgica, Vol. 6. Paris: Librairie de Firmin-Didot et Cie., 1912), pp. 890-2.
GARCÍA VILLADA, Zacarías, Paleografía española (Madrid: Centro de Estudios Históricos, 1923), Vol. 1.
GÓMEZ MUNTANÉ, Maricarmen, La música medieval en España (Kassel: Edición Reichenberger, 2001).
MILLARES CARLO, Agustín, Corpus de Códices Visigóticos, ed. M. C. Díaz y Díaz and others (Canarias: Fundación de Enseñanza Superior a Distancia de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 1999).
—"Manuscritos visigóticos. Notas bibliográficas", Hispania Sacra, Vol. 14, N. 28 (1961), 337-444.
PINELL, Jordi, "Los textos de la antigua liturgia hispánica. Fuentes para su estudio", in Rivera Recio, Juan Francisco (ed.), Estudios sobre la liturgia mozárabe (Publicaciones del Instituto Provincial de Investigaciones y Estudios Toledanos, serie 3. Toledo: Diputación Provincial, 1965), Vol. 1, 109-64 (p. 120).
RANDEL, Don Michael, An Index to the Chant of the Mozarabic Rite (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1973).
ROJO, Casiano and Germán PRADO, El canto mozárabe: Estudio histórico-crítico de su antigüedad y estado actual (Publicaciones del Departamento de Música, 5. Barcelona: Biblioteca Central. Diputación Provincial de Barcelona, 1929).
ROBERT, U., “Inventaire des Manuscrits Latins de la Bilbiothèque Nationale Insérés au Fonds des Novelles acquisitions: Du 1er mars 1874 au 31 décembre 1881”, in U. Robert, Le Cabinet Historique: Moniteur des Bibliothèques et des Archives, An. 28 (1882), 293-6 (p. 294).

Chants of the source