E-SAu (Salamanca) Ms. 2668

Description: 

This codex has two parts that were very likely copied independently and bound together after their production. The first part, in ff. 1r-178v, is a "liber canticorum et horarum" (a canticorum contains canticles and an horarum is a type of Old Hispanic manuscript containing the liturgy for the monastic cursus), as specified in the colophon in f. 159v: "Explicit liber canticorum et horarum"... The canticorum (ff. 1r-141v) has some lacunae (e.g. between ff. 103v-104r). The horarum, also belonging to the first part of the codex (ff. 141v-175v), has material for the night hours, even after the colophon (ff. 160r-175v); these horarum folios following the colophon seem to have been written by the same scribe signing the colophon, "Xpoforus" (i.e. Christophorus), as already noted by Díaz y Díaz, 1983, p. 350. Janini (1977) notes that, according to Pinell (Janini does not specify when or where Pinell stated this), this material must be read: "f. 1-151; 160-175; 152-159; 176-178" (rather than 176-178, he very likely meant 176r-183v, i.e. the second part of this codex). This codex has musical notation (Old Hispanic vertical) only in the horarum, specifically in its ff. 144r-175v).
A second part of this codex (ff. 176r-183v) is different from the first in the quality and ruling of the parchment, in the state of completion, in the shape of some letters and in the abbreviation preferences (see Díaz y Díaz, 1983). This second part contains various materials, among them: a confession (ff. 179r-180r) with the name of Queen Sancha of León (f. 179v, "Sancia") crossed through and replaced by her daughter's name, Urraca (f. 179v "Urracka"), very likely Urraca of Zamora, not her granddaughter Urraca of León (because the latter was born in 1079, just before the suppression of the Old Hispanic rite in the Council of Burgos of 1080); as well as, one of the two extant Old Hispanic litanies of saints ("Hec es letania id [e]st rogationes", see f. 180v onwards).

Date:16 May 1059, as specified in ff. 1v and 159v.

Origin: it is ascribed to the Kingdom of León because the names of Queen Sancha of León and her daughter, Queen Urraca, in f. 179v of the second part, point to its belonging to these two royal women. The fact that the first part was copied in 1059, when Queen Sancha of León was in power, suggests that this first part was bound to the second part of the codex at an early stage. In its f. 1r this manuscript has the name of the church of Santa María de Aniago (at Valladolid, which queen Urraca of León donated to the abbey of Santo Domingo de Silos, see Rico de la Fuente, 2007), written in fourteenth-century script. In its f. 2r this manuscript has an even later inscription: "De la Biblioteca del Colegio Mayor de Cuenca", i.e. the library of a college of University of Salamanca. According to Díaz y Díaz (1983) it arrived there thanks to the bishop of Cuenca, Diego Ramírez de Villaescusa (i.e. late fifteenth to early sixteenth century), who was also chancellor of Valladolid (where Aniago is) and founded the colegio Mayor de Cuenca in year 1500 (see Olmedo, 1944). From there it was moved to Biblioteca Real de Madrid in the eighteenth century, where it was catalogued with the shelf-mark "2 j 5 and 329" (see the seal of this library in its f. 187v). In 1954 it was returned to the University of Salamanca (Brockett, 1968).

Liturgical tradition: A.

Randel responsorial tone tradition: León.

Shelf-mark: 
Ms. 2668
Century: 
Provenance: 
Kingdom of León (see "Description" above).
Rite: 
Script: 
Cursus: 
monastic
Category: 
Manuscript / Print: 
Material: 
Page layout (mm): 
214x141
Date: 
16 May 1059 as specified in ff. 1v ("ERA T: NONAGESSIMA:SEPTIMA") and 159v ("In XVII K[a]l[end]as Ivnias Era TLXLVIIa")
Indexed by: 

Raquel Rojo Carrillo

Bibliography: 

ASENSIO, Juan Carlos, El canto gregoriano: Historia, liturgia, formas… (Madrid: Alianza Música. Alianza Editorial, 2003)
BROCKETT, Clyde W., Antiphons, Responsories, and Other Chants of the Mozarabic Rite (Musicological Studies, 15. Brooklyn, New York: Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1968).
CLARK, Charles Upson, Collectanea Hispanica (Paris: Libraire Ancienne Honoré Champion Édouard Champion, September 1920), p. 48.
DÍAZ Y DÍAZ Manuel C., Libros y librerías en La Rioja altomedieval (Logroño: Biblioteca de Temas Riojanos. Instituto de Estudios Riojanos, 1991), p. 179.
Códices visigóticos de la monarquía leonesa (León: Centro de Estudios e Investigación “San Isidoro”, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Caja de Ahorros y Monte de Piedad de León, y Archivo Histórico Diocesano, 1983), pp. 349-50.
FERNÁNDEZ DE LA CUESTA, Ismael, Historia de la música española: 1. Desde los orígenes hasta el “ars nova” (Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1983).
Manuscritos y fuentes musicales en España: Edad Media (Opera Omnia: Colección dirigida por Rodrigo de Zayas. Madrid: Editorial Alpuerto, 1980).
FÉROTIN, D.M., Le Liber Mozarabicus Sacramentorum et les manuscrits mozarabes (F. Cabrol, H. Leclercq, & M. Férotin (eds.), Monumenta Ecclesiae Liturgica, Vol. 6. Paris: Librairie de Firmin-Didot et Cie., 1912), pp. 925-30.
—"Deux manuscrits wisigothiques de la Bibliothèque de Ferdinand Ier roi de Castille et de Léon", Bibliothèque de l’École des chartes, Vol. 62 (1901), 374-87 (pp. 384-7).
GARCÍA VILLADA, Zacarías, Paleografía española (Madrid: Centro de Estudios Históricos, 1923), Vol. 1, p. 115.
GÓMEZ MUNTANÉ, Maricarmen, La música medieval en España (Kassel: Edición Reichenberger, 2001).
GROS I PUJOL, Miquel Dels Sants, "El 'Ordo Missae' de la tradición hispánica A", in Pinell, Jordi and others, Liturgia y música mozárabes: Ponencias y comunicaciones presentadas al I Congreso Internacional de Estudios Mozárabes, Toledo 1975 (Toledo: Instituto de Estudios Visigótico-Mozárabes de San Eugenio, 1978), 45-64
GUTIÉRREZ, Carmen Julia, "Melodías del canto hispánico en el repertorio litúrgico poético de la Edad Media y el Renacimiento", in Férnandez de la Cuesta, Ismael, Rosario Álvarez Martínez and Ana Llorens Martín (eds.), El canto mozárabe y su entorno: Estudios sobre la música de la liturgia viejo hispánica (Madrid: Sociedad Española de Musicología, 2013), 547-75.
JANINI, José, Manuscritos litúrgicos de las bibliotecas de España: I. Castilla y Navarra (Burgos: Ediciones Aldecoa, 1977), p. 239.
MILLARES CARLO, Agustín, Corpus de Códices Visigóticos, ed. M. C. Díaz y Díaz and others (Canarias: Fundación de Enseñanza Superior a Distancia de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 1999).
—"Manuscritos visigóticos. Notas bibliográficas", Hispania Sacra, Vol. 14, N. 28 (1961), 337-444.
OLMEDO, F. G. Diego Ramírez Villaescusa (1495-1537); Fundador del Colegio de Cuenca y autor de los cuatro diálogos sobre la muerte del príncipe don Juan (Madrid: Editora Nacional, 1944).
PINELL, Jordi, Liturgia Hispánica (Barcelona: Biblioteca Litúrgica, 1998).
—"Los textos de la antigua liturgia hispánica. Fuentes para su estudio", in Rivera Recio, Juan Francisco (ed.), Estudios sobre la liturgia mozárabe (Publicaciones del Instituto Provincial de Investigaciones y Estudios Toledanos, serie 3. Toledo: Diputación Provincial, 1965), Vol. 1, 109-64 (p. 120).
RANDEL, Don Michael, An Index to the Chant of the Mozarabic Rite (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1973).
The Responsorial Tones for the Mozarabic Office (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1969).
RIAÑO, Juan Facundo, Classical and Bibliographical Notes on Early Spanish Music (London: B. Quaritch, 1887), pp. 27-8.
RICO DE LA FUENTE, Araceli, Monasterio de Nuestra Señora de Aniago: El sueño de una Reina (Valladolid: Diputación de Valladolid, 2007) (appendix).
ROJO, Casiano and Germán PRADO, El canto mozárabe: Estudio histórico-crítico de su antigüedad y estado actual (Publicaciones del Departamento de Música, 5. Barcelona: Biblioteca Central. Diputación Provincial de Barcelona, 1929), pp. 23-4.
VIVES, José, "En torno a la datación del Antifonario legionense", Hispania Sacra, Vol. 8, N. 15 (January-June 1955), 117-24.
ZAPKE, Susana, "Liber canticorum et horarum", in Zapke, Susana, (ed.), Hispania Vetus: Musical-Liturgical Manuscripts from Visigothic Origins to the Franco/Roman Transition (9th-12th Centuries) (Bilbao: Fundación BBVA, 2007), 274.

Submitted by Raquel Rojo Carrillo
Post date: 14 Apr 2017 | Last update: 04 Apr 2018

Chants of the source

Displaying 101 - 200 of 282 chants.
Folio Incipit Feast Mode Cantus ID
157r 6 Erravi sicut ovis quae perierat... X RSV Sabbato per annum h00151a
157r 7 Adjutorium nostrum in nomine domini X RS Sabbato per annum h00152
157v 1 Laqueus contritus est et nos... X RSV Sabbato per annum h00152a
157v 2 Gloria et honor patri et filio X RSV Sabbato per annum h00123b
157v 3 Tu rex redemptor omnium qui cuncta X H Sabbato per annum a01750
158r 1 Praesta... X HV Sabbato per annum 008396d
158r 2 Benedictus es domine X Sabbato per annum
158r 3 Deus miserere nobis deus miserere... X MSR Sabbato per annum h00153
158r 4 Tu medella da infirmis... X MSRV Sabbato per annum h00153a
158r 5 Tu consolare oppressus omnes... X MSRV Sabbato per annum h00153b
158r 6 Tu tuere iterantes omnes corrige... X MSRV Sabbato per annum h00153c
158r 7 Deus qui sedes in throno judicas X MSRV Sabbato per annum h00153d
158v 1 In matutinis meditabor in te... X VRS h01903
158v 2 Alleluia alleluia beati immaculati... X LDOF h00154
158v 3 Beati qui praescrutantur... X LDOFV h00154a
158v 4 Noctis tempus jam praeterit jam... X H a01756
159v 1 Praesta pater piissime X HV 008258d
159v 2 Memor fui nocte nominis tui domine X HYMN a01756a
159v 3 Kyrie eleison kyrie eleison kyrie... X HYMN h01901
159v 4 Deus miserere X MSR h00155
160r 1 Media nocte clamor factus est ecce X RSV h00127a
160r 2 Ora dominum ante lucem et oranti X RS h00157
160r 3 Si simplex fueris et timueris deum X RSV h00157a
160v 1 Alleluia alleluia alleluia... X LDOF h00158
160v 2 De profundis clamabi ad te domine X LDOFV h00158a
160v 3 Domine exaudi vocem meam X LDOFV h00158b
161r 1 Fiant aures tuae intendentes... X LDOFV h00158c
161r 2 Laus tibi laus tibi laus tibi X LDOF In tempore Quad. h00159
161r 3 Beati servi illi quos cum venerit X LDOFV In tempore Quad. h00159a
161r 4 Amen dico vobis quoniam... X LDOFV In tempore Quad. h00159b
161r 5 Surgentes ad te domine atre noctis X H In tempore Quad. a01758
163v 1 Media nocte surgebam ad... X CLMOV  h00160
163v 2 Funes peccatorum circumplexerunt... X
163v 3 Deprecatus sum faciem tuum de toto X
164r 1 Qui cognoscis omnium occulta... X
164r 2 Tempus mici concede ut repenitea... X
164r 3 Secundam magna dele miserere mei... X
164r 4 Cor mundum X
164r 5 Gloria et honor   X
164r 6 Sicut erat  X
164r 8 Miserere domine miserere nobis... X CLMOV  h00171
164r 9 Lapsi sumus graviter in peccatis... X
164r 10 Scelus flemur admissam non reddas... X
164r 11 Penitentibus reis conversis... X
164v 1 Pauperibus egenis iterantibus... X
164v 2 Peregrinis oppressis dispersis er... X
164v 3 Quis est homo domine ut ei X
164v 4 Nemo degenitis est qui non impie X
164v 5 In hoc nuntiabitur bonitas tua... X
164v 6 Si peccavimus in te tui sumus X
164v 7 Venite adoremus et procidamus ante... X VAR h01904
165r 1 Domine quid multiplicati sunt* X PS 920003
165r 2 Miserere mei deus secundum magnam* X PS 920050
165r 3 Miserere mei deus miserere mei*... X PS 920056
165r 4 Domine quid multiplicati sunt*... PS 920003
165r 5 Miserere mei deus secundum* X PS 920050
165r 6 Miserere mei deus miserere mei* X PS 920056
165r 7 Alleluia deduc me per semita... X RS Dom. Quotidiano h00161
165r 8 Legem pone mihi domine viam... X RSV Dom. Quotidiano h00161a
165v 1 Repleatur os meum deus laude tua X RS Dom. Quotidiano h00162
165v 2 Alleluia vide humilitatem meam et... X RS Dom. Quotidiano h00163
165v 3 Alleluia vide humilitatem meam et... X RS Dom. Quotidiano h00163
165v 4 Viam iniquitatis amove a me et X RSV Dom. Quotidiano h00163a
166r 1 Congrega domine dispersionem... X RS Dom. Quotidiano h00164
166r 2 Qui das salutem regibus et liberas X RSV Dom. Quotidiano h00164a
166r 3 Alleluia misericordia mea alleluia... X RS Dom. Quotidiano h00165
166r 4 Diligam te domine virtus mea... X RSV Dom. Quotidiano h00165a
166v 1 Laetor ego super eloquia tua... X RS Dom. Quotidiano h00166
166v 2 Iniquos odio habui et abominatus... X RSV Dom. Quotidiano h00166a
166v 3 In lege domini meditemur die ac X RS Dom. Quadragesimae h00117
166v 4 Venite filii audite me timorem... X RSV Dom. Quadragesimae h00117a
166v 5 Intellege clamorem meum deus meus X RS Dom. Quadragesimae h00128
167r 1 Intende voci orationis meae X RSV Dom. Quadragesimae h00128a
167r 2 Mirifica domine misericordias tuas... X RS Dom. Quadragesimae h00167
167r 3 Custodi nos domine ut pupillam... X RSV Dom. Quadragesimae h00125a
167r 4 Cor mundum crea in me deus X RS Dom. Quadragesimae h00138
167r 5 Spiritum rectum innova X RSV Dom. Quadragesimae h00138a
167r 6 Misereatur nobis et benedicat nos... X RS Dom. Quadragesimae h00143
167r 7 Illuminet dominus vultum suum... X RSV Dom. Quadragesimae h00143a
167r 8 Domine deus virtutum beatus homo... X RS Dom. Quadragesimae h00149
167r 9 Quam amabilia sunt tabernacula tua... X RSV Dom. Quadragesimae h00149a.1
167v 1 Apprehendite disciplina ne quando... X RS Dom. 2 Quadragesimae h00116
167v 2 Servite domino in timore et... X RSV Dom. 2 Quadragesimae h00116a
167v 3 Infirmus sum sana me domine X RS Dom. 2 Quadragesimae h00129
167v 4 Quoniam turbata sunt ossa mea et X RSV Dom. 2 Quadragesimae h00129a
168r 1 Non timebo mala domine quoniam tu RS Dom. 2 Quadragesimae h00134
168r 2 Virga tua et baculus tuus ipsa X RSV Dom. 2 Quadragesimae h00134a
168r 3 Benigne fac domine in bona... X RS Dom. 2 Quadragesimae h00139
168r 4 Ut aedificentur muri Jerusalem X RSV Dom. 2 Quadragesimae h00139a
168r 5 De die in die benedictus dominus X RS Dom. 2 Quadragesimae h00144
168r 6 Deus Israel ipse David virtutem et X RSV Dom. 2 Quadragesimae h00144a
168r 7 Qui respicit in terra et facis X RS Dom. 2 Quadragesimae h00168
168v 1 Peccavimus cum patribus nostris... X RSV Dom. 2 Quadragesimae h00150a
168v 2 Tu domine susceptor meus es X RS Dom. 4 Quadragesimae h00115
168v 3 Misericordia mea et refugium meam X RSV Dom. 4 Quadragesimae h00115a
168v 4 Confitebor domino qui salvos facit... X RS Dom. 4 Quadragesimae h00130
168v 5 Et psallam nomini domini altissimi X RSV Dom. 4 Quadragesimae h00130a
168v 6 Benedicam domino in omni tempore... X RS Dom. 4 Quadragesimae h00135
168v 7 In domino laudabitur anima mea... X RSV Dom. 4 Quadragesimae h00135a
169r 1 In te confidet anima mea deus X RS Dom. 4 Quadragesimae h00140

Pages