E-SAu (Salamanca) Ms. 2668

Description: 

This codex has two parts that were very likely copied independently and bound together after their production. The first part, in ff. 1r-178v, is a "liber canticorum et horarum" (a canticorum contains canticles and an horarum is a type of Old Hispanic manuscript containing the liturgy for the monastic cursus), as specified in the colophon in f. 159v: "Explicit liber canticorum et horarum"... The canticorum (ff. 1r-141v) has some lacunae (e.g. between ff. 103v-104r). The horarum, also belonging to the first part of the codex (ff. 141v-175v), has material for the night hours, even after the colophon (ff. 160r-175v); these horarum folios following the colophon seem to have been written by the same scribe signing the colophon, "Xpoforus" (i.e. Christophorus), as already noted by Díaz y Díaz, 1983, p. 350. Janini (1977) notes that, according to Pinell (Janini does not specify when or where Pinell stated this), this material must be read: "f. 1-151; 160-175; 152-159; 176-178" (rather than 176-178, he very likely meant 176r-183v, i.e. the second part of this codex). This codex has musical notation (Old Hispanic vertical) only in the horarum, specifically in its ff. 144r-175v).
A second part of this codex (ff. 176r-183v) is different from the first in the quality and ruling of the parchment, in the state of completion, in the shape of some letters and in the abbreviation preferences (see Díaz y Díaz, 1983). This second part contains various materials, among them: a confession (ff. 179r-180r) with the name of Queen Sancha of León (f. 179v, "Sancia") crossed through and replaced by her daughter's name, Urraca (f. 179v "Urracka"), very likely Urraca of Zamora, not her granddaughter Urraca of León (because the latter was born in 1079, just before the suppression of the Old Hispanic rite in the Council of Burgos of 1080); as well as, one of the two extant Old Hispanic litanies of saints ("Hec es letania id [e]st rogationes", see f. 180v onwards).

Date:16 May 1059, as specified in ff. 1v and 159v.

Origin: it is ascribed to the Kingdom of León because the names of Queen Sancha of León and her daughter, Queen Urraca, in f. 179v of the second part, point to its belonging to these two royal women. The fact that the first part was copied in 1059, when Queen Sancha of León was in power, suggests that this first part was bound to the second part of the codex at an early stage. In its f. 1r this manuscript has the name of the church of Santa María de Aniago (at Valladolid, which queen Urraca of León donated to the abbey of Santo Domingo de Silos, see Rico de la Fuente, 2007), written in fourteenth-century script. In its f. 2r this manuscript has an even later inscription: "De la Biblioteca del Colegio Mayor de Cuenca", i.e. the library of a college of University of Salamanca. According to Díaz y Díaz (1983) it arrived there thanks to the bishop of Cuenca, Diego Ramírez de Villaescusa (i.e. late fifteenth to early sixteenth century), who was also chancellor of Valladolid (where Aniago is) and founded the colegio Mayor de Cuenca in year 1500 (see Olmedo, 1944). From there it was moved to Biblioteca Real de Madrid in the eighteenth century, where it was catalogued with the shelf-mark "2 j 5 and 329" (see the seal of this library in its f. 187v). In 1954 it was returned to the University of Salamanca (Brockett, 1968).

Liturgical tradition: A.

Randel responsorial tone tradition: León.

Shelf-mark: 
Ms. 2668
Century: 
Provenance: 
Kingdom of León (see "Description" above).
Rite: 
Script: 
Cursus: 
monastic
Category: 
Manuscript / Print: 
Material: 
Page layout (mm): 
214x141
Date: 
16 May 1059 as specified in ff. 1v ("ERA T: NONAGESSIMA:SEPTIMA") and 159v ("In XVII K[a]l[end]as Ivnias Era TLXLVIIa")
Indexed by: 

Raquel Rojo Carrillo

Bibliography: 

ASENSIO, Juan Carlos, El canto gregoriano: Historia, liturgia, formas… (Madrid: Alianza Música. Alianza Editorial, 2003)
BROCKETT, Clyde W., Antiphons, Responsories, and Other Chants of the Mozarabic Rite (Musicological Studies, 15. Brooklyn, New York: Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1968).
CLARK, Charles Upson, Collectanea Hispanica (Paris: Libraire Ancienne Honoré Champion Édouard Champion, September 1920), p. 48.
DÍAZ Y DÍAZ Manuel C., Libros y librerías en La Rioja altomedieval (Logroño: Biblioteca de Temas Riojanos. Instituto de Estudios Riojanos, 1991), p. 179.
Códices visigóticos de la monarquía leonesa (León: Centro de Estudios e Investigación “San Isidoro”, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Caja de Ahorros y Monte de Piedad de León, y Archivo Histórico Diocesano, 1983), pp. 349-50.
FERNÁNDEZ DE LA CUESTA, Ismael, Historia de la música española: 1. Desde los orígenes hasta el “ars nova” (Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1983).
Manuscritos y fuentes musicales en España: Edad Media (Opera Omnia: Colección dirigida por Rodrigo de Zayas. Madrid: Editorial Alpuerto, 1980).
FÉROTIN, D.M., Le Liber Mozarabicus Sacramentorum et les manuscrits mozarabes (F. Cabrol, H. Leclercq, & M. Férotin (eds.), Monumenta Ecclesiae Liturgica, Vol. 6. Paris: Librairie de Firmin-Didot et Cie., 1912), pp. 925-30.
—"Deux manuscrits wisigothiques de la Bibliothèque de Ferdinand Ier roi de Castille et de Léon", Bibliothèque de l’École des chartes, Vol. 62 (1901), 374-87 (pp. 384-7).
GARCÍA VILLADA, Zacarías, Paleografía española (Madrid: Centro de Estudios Históricos, 1923), Vol. 1, p. 115.
GÓMEZ MUNTANÉ, Maricarmen, La música medieval en España (Kassel: Edición Reichenberger, 2001).
GROS I PUJOL, Miquel Dels Sants, "El 'Ordo Missae' de la tradición hispánica A", in Pinell, Jordi and others, Liturgia y música mozárabes: Ponencias y comunicaciones presentadas al I Congreso Internacional de Estudios Mozárabes, Toledo 1975 (Toledo: Instituto de Estudios Visigótico-Mozárabes de San Eugenio, 1978), 45-64
GUTIÉRREZ, Carmen Julia, "Melodías del canto hispánico en el repertorio litúrgico poético de la Edad Media y el Renacimiento", in Férnandez de la Cuesta, Ismael, Rosario Álvarez Martínez and Ana Llorens Martín (eds.), El canto mozárabe y su entorno: Estudios sobre la música de la liturgia viejo hispánica (Madrid: Sociedad Española de Musicología, 2013), 547-75.
JANINI, José, Manuscritos litúrgicos de las bibliotecas de España: I. Castilla y Navarra (Burgos: Ediciones Aldecoa, 1977), p. 239.
MILLARES CARLO, Agustín, Corpus de Códices Visigóticos, ed. M. C. Díaz y Díaz and others (Canarias: Fundación de Enseñanza Superior a Distancia de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 1999).
—"Manuscritos visigóticos. Notas bibliográficas", Hispania Sacra, Vol. 14, N. 28 (1961), 337-444.
OLMEDO, F. G. Diego Ramírez Villaescusa (1495-1537); Fundador del Colegio de Cuenca y autor de los cuatro diálogos sobre la muerte del príncipe don Juan (Madrid: Editora Nacional, 1944).
PINELL, Jordi, Liturgia Hispánica (Barcelona: Biblioteca Litúrgica, 1998).
—"Los textos de la antigua liturgia hispánica. Fuentes para su estudio", in Rivera Recio, Juan Francisco (ed.), Estudios sobre la liturgia mozárabe (Publicaciones del Instituto Provincial de Investigaciones y Estudios Toledanos, serie 3. Toledo: Diputación Provincial, 1965), Vol. 1, 109-64 (p. 120).
RANDEL, Don Michael, An Index to the Chant of the Mozarabic Rite (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1973).
The Responsorial Tones for the Mozarabic Office (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1969).
RIAÑO, Juan Facundo, Classical and Bibliographical Notes on Early Spanish Music (London: B. Quaritch, 1887), pp. 27-8.
RICO DE LA FUENTE, Araceli, Monasterio de Nuestra Señora de Aniago: El sueño de una Reina (Valladolid: Diputación de Valladolid, 2007) (appendix).
ROJO, Casiano and Germán PRADO, El canto mozárabe: Estudio histórico-crítico de su antigüedad y estado actual (Publicaciones del Departamento de Música, 5. Barcelona: Biblioteca Central. Diputación Provincial de Barcelona, 1929), pp. 23-4.
VIVES, José, "En torno a la datación del Antifonario legionense", Hispania Sacra, Vol. 8, N. 15 (January-June 1955), 117-24.
ZAPKE, Susana, "Liber canticorum et horarum", in Zapke, Susana, (ed.), Hispania Vetus: Musical-Liturgical Manuscripts from Visigothic Origins to the Franco/Roman Transition (9th-12th Centuries) (Bilbao: Fundación BBVA, 2007), 274.

Submitted by Raquel Rojo Carrillo
Post date: 14 Apr 2017 | Last update: 04 Apr 2018

Chants of the source

Displaying 201 - 282 of 282 chants.
Folio Incipit Feast Mode Cantus ID
169r 2 Et in umbra alarum tuarum spero X RSV Dom. 4 Quadragesimae h00140a
169r 3 Exaudi me Domine quoniam benigna... X RS Dom. 4 Quadragesimae h00145
169r 4 Et secundum multitudinem... X RSV Dom. 4 Quadragesimae h00145a
169r 5 Vivit anima mea deus et laudabit X RS Dom. 4 Quadragesimae h00151
169r 6 Erravi sicut ovis quae perierat... X RSV Dom. 4 Quadragesimae h00151a
169v 1 Miserere mei domine et exaudi... X RS Dom. de Passione h00114
169v 2 Inclina domine aurem tuam X RSV Dom. de Passione h00114a
169v 3 Quam admirabile est nomen tuum... X RS Dom. de Passione h00131
169v 4 Ex ore infantium et lactantium... X RSV Dom. de Passione h00131a
169v 5 Adiutor et liberator meus es tu X RS Dom. de Passione h00136
169v 6 Exaudi orationem meam et... X RSV Dom. de Passione h00136a
169v 7 Spes nostra in deo est et X RS Dom. de Passione h00141
170r 1 Sperate in eum omnis conventus... X RSV Dom. de Passione h00141a
170r 2 Ad adjuvandum me festina domine ad X RS Dom. de Passione h00146
170r 3 Deus in adiutorium meum intende... X RSV Dom. de Passione h00146a
170r 4 Adjutorium nostrum in nomine domini X RS Dom. de Passione h00152
170r 5 Laqueus contritus est et nos... RSV Dom. de Passione h00152a
170r 6 Gloria et honor patri et filio X RSV Dom. de Passione h00123b
170v 1 Alleluia alleluia alleluia... X LDOF h00169
170v 2 Labia mea laudabant te domine X LDOFV h00169a
170v 3 Sic benedicam te in vita mea X LDOFV h00169b
170v 4 Et in nomine tuo levabo manus X LDOFV h00169c
171r 1 Laus tibi laus tibi laus tibi X LDOF Dom. Quadragesimae h00170
171r 2 Vivit anima mea deus et laudabit X LDOFV Dom. Quadragesimae h00170a
171r 3 Et judicia tua adjuvabunt me X LDOFV Dom. Quadragesimae h00170b
171r 4 Primo dierum omnium quo mundus... X H Dom. Quadragesimae 008373
171r 5 Pulsis procul torporibus surgamus... X HV Dom. Quadragesimae 008373a
171r 6 Nostras preces ut audiat suamque... X HV Dom. Quadragesimae 008373b
171r 7 Ut quique sacratissimo hujus diei... X HV Dom. Quadragesimae 008373c
171v 1 Jam nunc paterna claritas te... X HV Dom. Quadragesimae 008373d.1
171v 2 Ne foeda sit vel lubrica compago X HV 008373e.1
171v 3 Ob hoc redemptor quaesumus ut... X HV 008373f.1
171v 4 Quo carnis actu exsules effecti... X HV 008373g.1
171v 5 Praesta pater piissime X HV 008373h
171v 6 Benedictus es domine deus patrum... X BD
171v 7 Et benedictum nomen glorie tue... X
171v 8 Benedictus es in templo sancto... X
172r 1 Infirmamento celi et laudabilis et... X Dom. Quotidiano
172r 2 Clamor noster ad te perveniat... X CLMOV  Dom. Quotidiano h00172
172r 3 Non secundum peccata nostra facias... X Dom. Quotidiano
172r 4 Sed secundum multitudinem... X Dom. Quotidiano
172r 5 Laqueus conteratur et nos... X Dom. Quotidiano
172r 6 Nocte cum corde meo mediatabor... X Dom. Quotidiano
172v 1 Domine dic anime meae salus tua X Dom. Quotidiano
172v 2 Domine deus salus meae per diem X Dom. Quotidiano
172v 3 Intret oratio mea in conspectu tuo X Dom. Quotidiano
172v 4 Inclina aurem tuam ad precem meam X Dom. Quotidiano
172v 5 Cito nos preveniat misericordia... X Dom. Quotidiano
172v 6 Fiat misericordia tua domine super... X Dom. Quotidiano
172v 7 Sicut speravimus in te X Dom. Quotidiano
172v 8 Propitius esto iniquitatibus... X Dom. Quotidiano
172v 9 Mitte manum tuam de alto et X Dom. Quotidiano
173r 1 Spes sola clamemus miserationes... X Dom. Quotidiano
173r 2 Parce precor iam deus parce precor X Dom. Quotidiano
173r 3 Miserere nobis deus miserere nobis... X Dom. Quotidiano
173r 4 Respiciat nos domine misericordia... X Dom. Quotidiano
173r 5 Presta deus sancte pater... X Dom. Quotidiano
173r 6 Saluam fac domine plevem tuam X Dom. Quotidiano
173r 7 Exaudi domine placare domine X Dom. Quotidiano
173v 1 Averte domine iracundiam tuam a... X Dom. Quotidiano
173v 2 Deus miserere deus miserere deus... MSR Dom. Quotidiano h00119
173v 3 Ecce nos vigiles te precamur... X MSRV Dom. Quotidiano h00119b
173v 4 Reple deus gaudium os nostrum et X ANT In tempore Paschae h01105
173v 5 Salvos nos fac domine deus noster X ANTV  In tempore Paschae h01105a
174r 1 Ut confiteamur nomini tuo sancto... ANTV  In tempore Paschae h01105b
174r 2 Benedictus dominus deus israel a... X ANTV  In tempore Paschae h01105c
174r 3 Gloria et honor ... X ANTV  In tempore Paschae h01454h
174r 4 Sicut erat ... X ANTV  In tempore Paschae h01105d
175r 3 In lege domini meditemur die ac RS Feria 2 per annum h00117
175r 4 Venite filii audite me timorem... X RSV Feria 2 per annum h00117a
175r 5 Apprehendite disciplina ne quando... X RS Feria 2 per annum h00116
175r 6 Servite domino in timore et... X RSV Feria 2 per annum h00116a
175r 7 Tu domine susceptor meus es RS Feria 2 per annum h00115
175r 8 Misericordia mea et refugium meam X RSV Feria 2 per annum h00115a
175v 1 Miserere mei domine et exaudi... RS Feria 2 per annum h00114
175v 2 Inclina domine aurem tuam X RSV Feria 2 per annum h00114a
175v 3 Somno refectis artubus spreto... X H Feria 2 per annum 008393
175v 4 Te lingua primum concinat te... X HV Feria 2 per annum 008393a
175v 5 Cedant tenebrae lumini et nox... X HV Feria 2 per annum 008393b
175v 6 Precamur idem supplices noxas ut... X HV Feria 2 per annum 008393c
175v 7 Benedictus es X Feria 2 per annum
175v 8 Deus miserere deus miserere deus... X MSR Feria 2 per annum h00137

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